1) Describe a ‘pattern’?

A pattern is a series of offensive and defensive movements against an imaginary opponent or opponents. Starting and finishing on the same spot.

2) How many patterns do you know?

At 9th Kup you know only one pattern. (Four directional punch / block are known as exercises, Chon Ji is the first Taekwon-Do Pattern)

3) Name the pattern you have learnt and how many moves does it have?

Chon-Ji and it has 19 moves.

4) What is the meaning of the pattern you have learnt?

Chon Ji means literally, the Heaven and the Earth. It is, in the Orient interpreted as the creation of the world and the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern learned by the beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts, one representing the Heaven and the other the Earth.

5) What does the colour ‘yellow’ mean in Taekwon-do?

Yellow signifies the earth from which the plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundation is laid.

6) What are the different instructor classifications?

  • Boosabum or National Instructor (1st to 3rd Dan)
  • Sabum or International Instructor (4th to 6th Dan)
  • Sahyung or Master (7th and 8th Dan)
  • Saseung Grandmaster (9th Dan)

7) What class is your instructor?

  • Master Steven Millis 7th Dan Master Instructor
  • Mr Shaun Parkin 4th Dan International Instructor

8) Can you count to 20 in Korean?

Hanna, Dool, Set, Net, Tasot, Yasot, Ilgop, Yodul, Ahop, Yol, Yol-Hanna, Yol-Dool, Yol-Set, Yol-Net, Yol-Tasot, Yol-Yasot, Yol-Ilgop, Yol-Yodul, Yol-Ahop, Samul.

9) Your pattern has two blocking techniques, name the techniques and the stances they are performed in?

  • L Stance, Inner forearm, Middle block – Niunja So An palmok, Kaunde makgi
  • Walking stance, Outer forearm, Low block – Gunnun So, Bakkat palmok, Najunde makgi

10) Can you name and show all the stances you know?

  • Charyot sogi (Attention stance)
    • Feet form a 45° angle
  • Narani sogi (Parallel stance)
    • 1 Shoulder width measured Outside to outside
  • Annun sogi (Sitting stance)
    • 1½ Shoulder width measured Inside to inside
  • Gunnun sogi (Walking stance)
    • 1 Shoulder width centre of feet, 1½ Shoulder width long measured Toe to Toe
    • Front foot points forward, rear foot pointing outward by 25°
    • Weight distributed 50% front leg and 50% rear leg
  • Niunja sogi (L stance)
    • 1½ Shoulder width measured Toes to outside rear foot
    • Toes of both feet point in by 15°
    • Weight distributed 30% front leg and 70% rear leg

11) What percentage weight is on each leg when stood in ‘L’ stance?

30% front leg and 70% back leg

12) Can you show the difference between a left and right ‘L’ stance?

At the moment, just think which ever leg is most bent identifies the stance. For example if the right leg is most bent then you are in a right stance. Note: In ‘L’ stance the rear leg is most bent.

13) How many shoulder width wide should your sitting stance be?

Sitting stance is 1 and a half shoulder width wide.


1) 10 sitting stance punches
2) 20 push ups
3) Walking stance front snap kick, obverse punch, reverse punch
4) Walking stance inner forearm middle block, reverse punch


1) Saju makgi (Four direction block)
2) Saju jirugi (Four direction punch)
3) Chon-Ji